The underground laboratory
An underground karst laboratory is located inside the Bossea Cave and it is managed by the Scientific Station (CAI of Cuneo) and by the Territory and Geo-Resources Department of the School of Engineering (Turin), working together with the ARPA Department of Cuneo (Piedmont) and the ARPA Radiation Section of Aosta (Aosta Valley).
Nowadays the laboratory is organized into the Hydrogeological Karst Section and Hypogeal Meteorological Section, where the water circulation inside the carbonates, the organization and evolution of the karst water tables, the cave-dwelling genetic and lithological processes, the atmospheric constituents, the microclimate and the energy balance of the underground environment are studied.
The underground fauna
In the underground world there is a minute and rare fauna that is extremely specialized. Moreover, grottos are islands for the geographical and geological barriers that separate calcareous rocks from each other. Therefore, every cave is a microcosm that must be dealt with separately, its inhabitants are unique and cannot be compared with other biotopes.
More than one species living in the Bossea Cave cannot be found anywhere; for instance we can mention the ‘Diplopode Plectogona Bosseae’, the ‘Palpigrado Eukoenenia Strinati’ and the ‘Troglohyphantes Pedemontanum Spider’.
So far, our cave fauna is one of the richest, thanks to its 50 species which have been taken a census of.